attitudes to national identity

What It Takes to Truly Be ‘One of Us’

In U.S., Canada, Europe, Australia and Japan, publics say language matters more to national identity than birthplace

The tide of people moving across the world, be they immigrants or refugees, has sparked concern in Australia, Europe and the United States. In particular, the ethnic, linguistic and cultural background of migrants has triggered intense debates over the benefits and the costs of growing diversity and the risk of open borders to national identity. Unease over the cultural, economic and security ramifications of immigration helped to fuel the Brexit vote in the United Kingdom, encourage the idea of a wall along the U.S.-Mexican border and broaden support for right-wing populist parties in France, Germany and the Netherlands.

FULL ARTICLE @ PEW RESEARCH CENTRE

social democracy on the verge of irrelevance

Europe’s centre-left risks irrelevance if it can’t respond to the populist challenge

sheri-bermanSeveral of Europe’s centre-left parties have suffered disappointing election results since the financial crisis, but is this slide in support permanent or can they arrest their decline? Sheri Berman writes that with the rise of new parties on the populist right, the centre-left risks sliding into irrelevance unless it can respond with viable and attractive solutions to contemporary problems.

FULL TEXT HERE ON EUROPP WEBSITE

Moves against democracy?

How can we find out whether people are really turning against democracy?

paul schulerDemocracy is in decline – or so a growing consensus suggests. Paul Schuler sets out the evidence for claims that people are turning to autocratic alternatives, and asks whether they necessarily show a loss of faith in democracy. He proposes some alternative measures that could establish whether people are genuinely willing to trade freedom for a ‘solution’ to anxieties about immigration, inequality and globalisation.

FULL ARTICLE HERE

obstacles to austerity

Why austerity is easier to implement in some countries than others – and why this was not the case for Greece

It is now roughly seven years since the Greek economic crisis first emerged, but why has the crisis in Greece proven so difficult to address in comparison to other Eurozone countries? Based on an analysis of crisis management in several European states,Stefanie Walter writes that because internal reform and a euro exit were particularly costly options for Greece, it opted for a path of reforming only as much as is necessary to retain outside funding. As this strategy is unlikely to be viable indefinitely, the crisis will remain unresolved for the foreseeable future.

FULL ARTICLE HERE

lessons from the Eurozone crisis

Four lessons from the Eurozone crisis – and why the future of the euro remains uncertain

mark copelovitchjeffry friedenstefaniewalterThe fallout from the Eurozone crisis continues to have an impact on European economies, over six years after the crisis first peaked in 2010. Drawing on insights from recent research, Mark Copelovitch, Jeffry Frieden and Stefanie Walter discuss four lessons from the crisis. They state that the crisis has been largely predictable, that monetary union has raised the political stakes in crisis management, that the institutional problems that have plagued European Monetary Union from the start persist, and finally, that unless there are significant reforms, the future of the euro remains uncertain.

FULL ARTICLE HERE

on monetary policy during the crisis

Central banks are facing a crisis of confidence – it’s time to reinvent global monetary polic

Dennis ShenSince the financial crisis, central banks have taken on a far more significant role in economic management. But with diminishing returns of and unintended consequences from existing policies, monetary policy now faces a crisis of confidence. Dennis Shenexplores policy innovations that could support global central banks battling deflation and proposes a new framework to better guard against financial instability.

FULL ARTICLE HERE